NEAR uses a system of Access Keys to simplify handling accounts.
There are basically two type of keys:
Full Access, that have full control over an account (i.e. can perform all actions), and
Function Call, that only have permission to call a specified smart contract’s method(s) that do not attach Ⓝ as a deposit.
When a user signs in on a website to interact with your contract, what actually happens is
Function Call key is created and stored in the website. Since the website has access to the
Function Call key, it can use it to
call the authorized methods as it pleases. While this is very user friendly for most cases, it is important to be careful in scenarios involving
transferring of valuable assets like NFTs or FTs. In such cases, you need to ensure that
the person asking for the asset to be transfer is actually the user.
One direct and inexpensive way to ensure that the user is the one calling is by requiring to attach
1 yⓃ. In this case, the user will be
redirected to the wallet and be asked to accept the transaction. This is because, once again, only the
Full Access key can be used to send NEAR.
Full Access key is only in the user’s wallet, you can trust that a transaction with
1 yⓃ was made by the user.