Track Real Time Events

To Share and +4 nLEARNs

While developing a decentralized app you might want track specific events in real time. For example, you could want
to be informed each time a specific NFT marketplace makes a sell. For this to be possible you need:

  1. A way for the contract to inform that an event took place.
  2. A way to track such events in real time.

To tackle these challenges is that the standard events format (NEP-297) was created.
NEP-297 defines a standard way for contracts to inform about an event. Since these
events are public, a service can then be built to track them in real time through the use of websocket.


NEP-297 – Events

In NEAR, Events use the standard logs capability of contracts, since every log is forever stored in the blockchain. In this way,
Events are normal log entries that start with the EVENT_JSON: prefix, followed by a single valid JSON string. The JSON string
must codify an object with the following interface:

interface EventLogData {
    standard: string, // name of standard, e.g. nep171
    version: string, // e.g. 1.0.0
    event: string, // type of the event, e.g. nft_mint
    data?: unknown, // event data defined in the nep171
}
See the NEP-297 page for examples.

::warning
There is a known limitation of 16kb strings when capturing logs

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Listening to Events (Mainnet)

To listen to events in the mainnet simply connect to the secure websocket wss://events.near.stream/ws. There is no websocket for testnet.

As first message you will need to pass an object stating the type of events you want to filter for, and a limit if necessary. For example, here we filter for the nft_mint event in the nft.nearapps.near account.

{
  secret: "ohyeahnftsss",
  filter: [{
    "account_id": "nft.nearapps.near",
    "status": "SUCCESS",
    "event": {
      "standard": "nep171",
      "event": "nft_mint",
    }
  }],
  fetch_past_events: 20,
}
If you need a reference implementation, here is a project from Evgeny Kuzyakov that listens for all nft_mint and nft_transfer events in the NEAR network.

::info Your Own Websocket
To run your own ws service use this modified indexer to populate a database with events, and then serve them using the event-api project.

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